Time Delay Circuit


Looking for a simple time delay circuit? In the design of analog circuits, there are times when you would need to delay a pulse that came into a circuit before being used for the next process. This circuit uses a 555 timer to delay a pulse that comes in to a maximum time of 75 seconds. The timing of the delay can also be changed by changing the resistor value of VR1 and the capacitor value of E based on the time delay formula of t=0.69RC.



In order for the output to go high, the reset pin of 555 timer (pin 4) must be high and the TRIGGER pin (pin 2) voltage level must be below a third of the level of the power supply to the IC. When there is no pulse being applied to the input, transistor Q1 will turn ON and capacitor E is charged.


Time Delay Circuit


Once a pulse is applied to the input, transistor Q1 will turn OFF and pin 4 reset pin is held to high. This caused the capacitor E1 to be discharged through VR1 resistor. The time delay will depend on the discharged of capacitor E to a third of the supply before the output of 555 goes high. Experiment with different values of VR1 and E to get different time delay.

If the maximum value of potentiometer is set to 5M ohm, the time delay of the pulse will be 75 seconds.


Parts List

Time Delay Parts List








This is a good project to embark on if you are a beginners to electronic design. There are only 5 components needed to construct this circuit. It will provide you a good hands-on experience of using the 555 integrated circuit, one of the most commonly available IC widely in use for the past decades. 


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